Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Bolognesi T., Lamb A. Simple indicators for Lorentzian causets. In: Classical and Quantum Gravity, vol. 33 (18) article n. 185004. IOP Publishing, 2016.
Several classes of directed acyclic graphs have been investigated in the last two decades, in the context of the causal set program, in search for good discrete models of spacetime. We introduce some statistical indicators that can be used for comparing these graphs and for assessing their closeness to the ideal Lorentzian causal sets ('causets') - those obtained by sprinkling points in a Lorentzian manifold. In particular, with the reversed triangular inequality of Special Relativity in mind, we introduce 'longest/shortest path plots',an easily implemented tool to visually detect the extent to which a generic causet matches the wide range of path lengths between events of Lorentzian causets. This tool can attribute some degree of 'Lorentzianity' - in particular 'non-locality' - also to causets that are not (directly) embeddable and that, due to some regularity in their structure, would not pass the key test for Lorentz invariance: the absence of preferred reference frames. We compare the discussed indicators and use them for assessing causets both of stochastic and of deterministic, algorithmic origin, finding examples of the latter that behave optimally w.r.t. our longest/shortest path plots.
URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/0264-9381/33/18/185004
DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/33/18/185004
Subject Causal set
Lorentzian manifold
Discrete spacetime automata
Quantum gravity
G.2.2 Graph Theory
G.2.3 Graph Theory. Applications

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