Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Coletto M., Lucchese C., Orlando S., Perego R. Electoral Predictions with Twitter: a Machine-Learning approach. In: IIR 2015 - 6th Italian Information Retrieval Workshop (Cagliari, Italy, 25-26 May 2015). Atti, article n. 13. Paolo Boldi, Reffaele Perego, Fabrizio Sebastiani (eds.). (CEUR Workshop Proceedings, vol. 1404). CEUR-WS.org, 2015.
Several studies have shown how to approximately predict public opinion, such as in political elections, by analyzing user activities in blogging platforms and on-line social networks. The task is challenging for several reasons. Sample bias and automatic understanding of textual content are two of several non trivial issues. In this work we study how Twitter can provide some interesting insights concerning the primary elections of an Italian political party. State-of-the-art approaches rely on indicators based on tweet and user volumes, often including sentiment analysis. We investigate how to exploit and improve those indicators in order to reduce the bias of the Twitter users sample. We propose novel indicators and a novel content-based method. Furthermore, we study how a machine learning approach can learn correction factors for those indicators. Experimental results on Twitter data support the validity of the proposed methods and their improvement over the state of the art.
URL: http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-1404/
Subject Data mining twitter political
H.2.8 Database Applications. Data mining

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