PUMA
Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Cesari R., Paradisi P. A random field approach to the Lagrangian modeling of turbulent transport in vegetated canopies. In: 4th International Conference on Mathematical Modeling in Physical Sciences (Mykonos, Greece, 5-8 June 2015). Proceedings, article n. 012082. IOP, 2015.
 
 
Abstract
(English)
We present an application of a Lagrangian Stochastic Model (LSM) to turbulent dispersion over complex terrain, where turbulent coherent structures are known to play a crucial role. We investigate the case of a vegetated canopy by using semi-empirical parameterizations of turbulence profiles in the region inside and above a canopy layer. The LSM is based on a 4-dimensional Fokker-Planck (4DFP) equation, which extends the standard Thomson87 Lagrangian approach. The 4DFP model is derived by means of a Random Field description of the turbulent velocity field. The main advantage of this approach is that not only the experimental Eulerian one-point statistics, but also the Eulerian two-point two-time covariance structure can be included explicitly in the LSM. At variance with the standard Thomson87 approach, the 4DFP model allows to consider explicit parameterizations of the turbulent coherent structures as it explicitly includes both spatial and temporal correlation functions. In order to investigate the effect of the turbulent geometrical structure on a scalar concentration profile, we performed numerical simulations with two different covariance parameterizations, the first one isotropic and the second anisotropic. We show that the accumulation of scalars near the ground is due to the anisotropic geometrical properties of the turbulent boundary layer.
URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/633/1/012082/meta
DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/633/1/012082
Subject Vegetated canopies
Turbulent transport
Lagrangian Stochastic Model
G.3 PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS. Stochastic processes


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