Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Mascitti D., Conti M., Passarella A., Ricci L. Service provisioning through opportunistic computing. In: Procedia Computer Science, vol. 40 pp. 143 - 150. Special issue: Fourth International Conference on Selected Topics in Mobile & Wireless Networking (MoWNet’2014). Elsevier, 2014.
Mobile clouds are a new paradigm enabling mobile users to access the heterogeneous services present in a pervasive mobile environment together with the rich service offers of the cloud infrastructures. In mobile computing environments mobile devices can also act as service providers, using approaches conceptually similar to service-oriented models. Many approaches implement service provisioning between mobile devices with the intervention of cloud-based handlers, with mobility playing a disruptive role to the functionality offered by of the system. In our approach, we exploit the opportunistic computing model, whereby mobile devices exploit direct contacts to provide services to each other, without necessarily go through conventional cloud services residing in the Internet. Conventional cloud services are therefore complemented by a mobile cloud formed directly by the mobile devices. This paper exploits an algorithm for service selection and composition in this type of mobile cloud environments able to estimate the execution time of a service composition. The model enables the system to produce an estimate of the execution time of the alternative compositions that can be exploited to solve a user's request and then choose the best one among them. We compare the performance of our algorithm with alternative strategies, showing its superior performance from a number of standpoints. In particular, we show how our algorithm can manage a higher load of requests without causing instability in the system conversely to the other strategies. When the load of requests is manageable for all strategies, our algorithm can achieve up to 75% less time spent in average to solve requests.
URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877050914014094
DOI: 10.1016/j.procs.2014.10.042
Subject Opportunistic networks
Mobile cloud computing
Service composition
Analytical modelling
H.3.5 Online Information Services. Web-based services

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