Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Gerace I., Martinelli F., Tonazzini A. Restoration of recto-verso archival documents through a regularized nonlinear model. In: EUSIPCO 2012 - 20th European Signal Processing Conference (Bucharest, Romania, 27-31 August 2012). Proceedings, pp. 1588 - 1592. Eurasip, 2012.
We approach the removal of back-to-front interferences from recto and verso scans of archival documents as a blind source separation problem, considering the front and back ideal images as two individual patterns that overlap in the observed scans through some mixing operator. The nonlinear mixing model and the related restoration algorithm proposed in cite{S01} are efficient for modern documents affected by mild show-through, but are not fully adequate to cope with ancient documents often degraded by the heavier and non-stationary bleed-through distortion. We then propose to modify this data model to account for non-stationarity of the degradation, and resort to the genuine concept of source separation for deriving the restoration algorithm. Within a regularization approach, we joint estimate the ideal images and the model parameters, by minimizing an energy function of all the unknowns, accounting also for local autocorrelation of the the ideal images. We derive a fully deterministic algorithm that is computationally efficient, and analyze its performance against documents heavily degraded by either show-through or bleed-through.
Subject Document Restoration
Nonlinear data model
non-stationary data model
back-to-front interferences

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