PUMA
Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Paradisi P., Cesari R., Donateo A., Contini D., Allegrini P. Scaling laws of diffusion and time intermittency generated bycoherent structures in atmospheric turbulence. In: Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics: an interactive open access journal of the European Geosciences Union, vol. 19 (1) pp. 113 - 126. Copernicus Gesellschaft MBH, 2012.
 
 
Abstract
(English)
We investigate the time intermittency of turbulent transport associated with the birth-death of self-organized coherent structures in the atmospheric boundary layer. We apply a threshold analysis on the increments of turbulent fluctuations to extract sequences of rapid acceleration events, which is a marker of the transition between self-organized structures. The inter-event time distributions show a power-law decay psi(t) proportional to  1/μ, with a strong dependence of the power-law index μ on the threshold. A recently developed method based on the application of event-driven walking rules to generate different diffusion processes is applied to the experimental event sequences. At variance with the power-law index μ estimated from the inter-event time distributions, the diffusion scaling H, defined by hX2it2H , is independent from the threshold. From the analysis of the diffusion scaling it can also be inferred the presence of different kind of events, i.e. genuinely transition events and spurious events, which all contribute to the diffusion process but over different time scales. The great advantage of event-driven diffusion lies in the ability of separating different regimes of the scaling H. In fact, the greatest H, corresponding to the most anomalous diffusion process, emerges in the long time range, whereas the smallest H can be seen in the short time range if the time resolution of the data is sufficiently accurate. The estimated diffusion scaling is also robust under the change of the definition of turbulent fluctuations and, under the assumption of statistically independent events, it corresponds to a self-similar point process with a well-defined power-law index μ_D= 2.1, where D denotes that μ_D is derived from the diffusion scaling. We argue that this renewal point process can be associated to birth and death of coherent structures and to turbulent transport near the ground, where the contribution of turbulent coherent structures becomes dominant.
Abstract
(Italiano)
In this paper "Scaling laws of diffusion and time intermittency generated by coherent structures in atmospheric tur- bulence" the wrong Fig. 3 was inserted. The correct Fig. 3 is shown in the Corrigendum published in Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, vol. 19 issue: 6 Pages: 685-685 DOI: 10.5194/npg-19-685-2012 on the right-hand side, together with the original caption.
URL: http://www.nonlin-processes-geophys.net/19/113/2012/npg-19-113-2012.html
DOI: 10.5194/npg-19-113-2012
Subject Turbulence
Intermittency
Scaling analysis
I.5.4 Signal Processing
G.3 Probability and Statistics
62-07 Data analysis
62M10 Time Series


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