Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Martinelli F., Salerno E., Gerace I., Tonazzini A. Nonlinear model and constrained ML for removing back-to-front interferences from recto-verso documents. In: Pattern Recognition, vol. 45 (1) pp. 596 - 605. Elsevier, 2012.
In this paper, we approach the removal of back-to-front interferences from scans of double-sided documents as a blind source separation problem, and extend our previous linear mixing model to a more effective nonlinear mixing model. We consider the front and back ideal images as two individual patterns overlapped in the observed recto and verso scans, and apply an unsupervised constrained maximum likelihood technique to separate them. Through several real examples, we show that the results obtained by this approach are much better than the ones obtained through data decorrelation or independent component analysis. As compared to approaches based on segmentation/classification, which often aim at cleaning a foreground text by removing all the textured background, one of the advantages of our method is that cleaning does not alter genuine features of the document, such as color or other structures it may contain. This is particularly interesting when the document has a historical importance, since its readability can be improved while maintaining the original appearance.
URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031320311003049
DOI: 10.1016/j.patcog.2011.07.016
Subject Document restoration
Nonlinear data model
Back-to-front interferences
G.3 PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS. Probabilistic algorithms (including Monte Carlo)
I.4.3 Enhancement
I.7.5 Document Capture. Document Analysis

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