PUMA
Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Anselmo L., Pardini C. Orbital evolution of the first upper stages used for the new European and Chinese navigation satellite systems. In: Acta Astronautica, vol. 68 (11-12) pp. 2066 - 2079. Elsevier, 2011.
 
 
Abstract
(English)
The solutions adopted for the disposal of the upper stages used to put in orbit the first satellites of the new European (Galileo) and Chinese (Beidou) navigation constellations were analyzed. The orbit evolution of the rocket bodies was modeled for 200 years, taking into account all relevant perturbations, and the chosen disposal options were evaluated in terms of their long-term consequences for the debris environment. The results obtained, when applicable, were also discussed in the context of the eccentricity instability problem, pointed out in previous studies. In addition, the long-term evolution of the fragments resulting from a Beidou rocket body breakup, and of simulated high area-to-mass ratio objects released in the disposal orbits of the first two Galileo upper stages, was investigated. Eight out of ten Beidou upper stages were found to have an orbital lifetime o25 years and the other two resulted in a dwell time of approximately 6 years below 2000 km. It was also found that the perigee heights of the two upper stages used to deploy the first Galileo test spacecraft will remain more than 169 km above the constellation nominal altitude, never crossing the existing or planned navigation systems. In spite of an inclination resonance possibly leading to the exponential growth of the eccentricity over several decades, the optimal choice of the disposal orbital elements was able to prevent such an outcome, by maintaining the orbit nearly circular. Therefore, the upper stage disposal strategies used so far for Beidou and Galileo have generally been quite successful in averting the long-term interference of such rocket bodies with the navigation constellations, provided that accidental breakups are prevented.
URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=PublicationURL&_tockey=%23TOC%235679%232011%23999319988%233122743%23FLA%23&_cdi=5679&_pubType=J&view=c&_auth=y&_acct=C000061181&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=3967543&md5=4320b8f14917de79d771ad44970ac5c2
DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2011.01.014
Subject Beidou
Galileo
Satellite navigation systems
Medium Earth orbits
Upper stages disposal
Long-term dynamical evolution
Inclination resonance
Orbital debris mitigation
J.2 PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING
70M20 Orbital mechanics


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