Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Esuli A. PP-Index: using permutation prefixes for efficient and scalable similarity search (Extended Abstract). In: SEBD 2010 - 18th Italian Symposium on Advanced Database Systems (Rimini, Italy, 20-23 June 2010). Atti, pp. 318 - 325. Sonia Bergamaschi, Stefano Lodi, Riccardo Martoglia, Claudio Sartori (eds.). Editrice Esculapio, 2010.
The Permutation Prefix Index (PP-Index) is a data structure that allows to perform efficient approximate similarity search. It is a permutation-based index, which is based on representing any indexed object with "its view of the surrounding world", i.e., a list of the elements of a set of reference objects sorted by their distance order with respect to the indexed object. In its basic formulation, the PP-Index is biased toward efficiency. We show how the effectiveness can reach optimal levels just by adopting two "boosting" strategies: multiple index search and multiple query search, which both have nice parallelization properties. We study both the efficiency and the effectiveness properties of the PP-Index, experimenting with collections of sizes up to one hundred million objects, represented in a very high-dimensional similarity space.
Subject Approximate Similarity Search
Access Methods
H.3.3 Information Search and Retrieval

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