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Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Giannotti F., Nanni M., Pedreschi D., Pinelli F., Renso C., Rinzivillo S., Trasarti R. Mobility data mining: discovering movement patterns from trajectory data. In: IWCTS'10 - International Workshop on Computational Transportation Science (San Jose, CA, USA, 3-5 November 2010). Proceedings, pp. 7 - 10. ACM, 2010.
 
 
Abstract
(English)
The analysis of movement data has been recently fostered by the widespread diffusion of new techniques and systems for monitoring, collecting and storing location-aware data, generated by a wealth of technological infrastructures, such as GPS positioning and wireless networks [2]. These have made available massive repositories of spatio-temporal data recording human mobile activities, such as location data from mobile phones, GPS tracks from mobile devices, etc.: is it possible to discover from these data use- ful and timely knowledge about human mobility? The GeoPKDD project [1], since 2005, investigated this direction of research; the lesson learned is that there is a long way to go from raw data of individual trajectories up to high-level collective mobility knowledge, capable of supporting the decisions of mobility and transportation managers. Such analysts reason about semantically rich concepts, such as systematic vs. occasional movement behavior and home- work commuting patterns; accordingly, the mainstream analytical tools of transportation engineering, such as origin/destination ma- trices, are based on semantically rich data collected by means of field surveys and interviews. Clearly, the price to pay for this rich- ness is hard: mass surveys are very expensive, so that their peri- odicity is very broad and obsolescence is rapid; poor data quality is also a plague: people tend to respond elusively and inaccurately. On the other extreme, automatically sensed mobility data record in- dividual trajectories at mass level, in real time. Clearly, the price topay here is exactly the lack of semantics in raw data: How to bridgeFigure 1: The steps of the mobility knowledge discovery pro- cess.
URL: http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1899444&CFID=6070360&CFTOKEN=23813010
DOI: 10.1145/1899441.1899444
Subject Data mining
Applications and ExpertSystems
Computational transportation science (CTS)
H.2.8 Database Applications


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