Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Neves N., Verissimo P., Bondavalli A., Grandoni F., et al .. CRUTIAL - Preliminary specification of services and protocols. Critical Utility InfrastructurAL Resilience (IST-FP6-STREP - 027513). Deliverable D10, 2008.
This document describes the preliminary specification of services and protocols for the Crutial Architecture. The Crutial Architecture definition, first addressed in Crutial Project Technical Report D4 (January 2007), intends to reply to a grand challenge of computer science and control engineering: how to achieve resilience of critical information infrastructures, in particular in the electrical sector. The definitions herein elaborate on the major architectural options and components established in the Preliminary Architecture Specification (D4), with special relevance to the Crutial middleware building blocks, and are based on the fault, synchrony and topological models defined in the same document. The document, in general lines, describes the Runtime Support Services and APIs, and the Middleware Services and APIs. Then, it delves into the protocols, describing: Runtime Support Protocols, and Middleware Services Protocols. The Runtime Support Services and APIs chapter features as a main component, the Proactive- Reactive Recovery Service, whose aim is to guarantee perpetual execution of any components it protects. The Middleware Services and APIs chapter describes our approach to intrusion-tolerant middleware. The middleware comprises several layers. The Multipoint Network layer is the lowest layer of CRUTIAL's middleware, and features an abstraction of basic communication services, such as provided by standard protocols, like IP, IPsec, UDP, TCP and SSL/TLS. The Communication Support Services feature two important building blocks: the Randomized Intrusion-Tolerant Services (RITAS), and the Overlay Protection Layer (OPL) against DoS attacks. The Activity Support Services currently defined comprise the CIS Protection service, and the Access Control and Authorization service. Protection as described in this report is implemented by mechanisms and protocols residing on a device called Crutial Information Switch (CIS). The Access Control and Authorization service is implemented through PolyOrBAC, which defines the rules for information exchange and collaboration between sub-modules of the architecture, corresponding in fact to different facilities of the CII's organizations.The Monitoring and Failure Detection layer contains a preliminary definition of the middleware services devoted to monitoring and failure detection activities. The remaining chapters describe the protocols implementing the above-mentioned services: Runtime Support Protocols, and Middleware Services Protocols.
Subject Services and protocols
Critical Information Infrastructures
C.0 Computer Systems Organization. GENERAL
C.2.4 Distributed Systems

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