Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Fagni T., Sebastiani F. On the selection of negative examples for hierarchical text categorization. In: 3rd Language and Technology Conference. LTC'07 (Poznań, 5-7 October 2007). Proceedings, pp. 24 - 28. Wydawnictwo Poznańskie Sp. z o. o, 2007.
Hierarchical text categorization (HTC) approaches have recently attracted a lot of interest on the part of researchers in human language technology and machine learning, since they have been shown to bring about equal, if not better, classification accuracy with respect to their "flat" counterparts while allowing exponential time savings at both learning and classification time. A typical component of HTC methods is a "local" policy for selecting negative examples: given a category c, its negative training examples are by default identified with the training examples that are negative for c and positive for the categories sibling to c in the hierarchy. However, this policy has always been taken for granted and never been subjected to careful scrutiny since first being proposed ten years ago. This paper proposes a thorough experimental comparison between this policy and three other policies for the selection of negative examples in HTC contexts, one of which (BESTLOCAL(k)) is being proposed for the first time in this paper. We compare these policies on the hierarchical versions of two among the most important classes of supervised learning algorithms, boosting and support vector machines, by performing experiments on two standard TC datasets, REUTERS-21578 and RCV1-V2.
Subject Hierarchical text categorization examples selection
I.2.6 Learning
I.2.7 Natural Language Processing
68T50 Natural language processing

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