Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Esuli A., Sebastiani F. SentiWordNet: a publicly available lexical resource for opinion mining. In: International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (Genova, Italy, 24-26 May 2006). Proceedings, vol. 1 pp. 417 - 422. Nicoletta Calzolari, Khalid Choukri, Aldo Gangemi, Bente Maegaard,Joseph Mariani, Jan Odjik, Daniel Tapias (eds.). ELRA, 2006.
Opinion mining (OM) is a recent subdiscipline at the crossroads of information retrieval and computational linguistics which is concerned not with the topic a document is about, but with the opinion it expresses. OM has a rich set of applications, ranging from tracking users' opinions about products or about political candidates as expressed in online forums, to customer relationship management. In order to aid the extraction of opinions from text, recent research has tried to automatically determine the 'PN-polarity' of subjective terms, i.e. identify whether a term that is a marker of opinionated content has a positive or a negative connotation. Research on determining whether a term is indeed a marker of opinionated content (a subjective term) or not (an objective term) has been, instead, much more scarce. In this work we describe SENTIWORDNET, a lexical resource in which eachWORDNET synset s is associated to three numerical scores Obj(s), Pos(s) and Neg(s), describing how objective, positive, and negative the terms contained in the synset are. The method used to develop SENTIWORDNET is based on the quantitative analysis of the glosses associated to synsets, and on the use of the resulting vectorial term representations for semi-supervised synset classification. The three scores are derived by combining the results produced by a committee of eight ternary classifiers, all characterized by similar accuracy levels but different classification behaviour. SENTIWORDNET is freely available for research purposes, and is endowed with a Web-based graphical user interface.
Subject Text Classification
Opinion Mining
Sentiment Classification
Semantic Orientation
Polarity Detection
Subjectivity Detection
H.3.3 Information Search and Retrieval. Information filtering
H.3.3 Information Search and Retrieval. Search process
H.3.1 Content Analysis and Indexing. Linguistic processing
I.2.7 Natural Language Processing
I.5.2 Design Methodology. Classifier design and evaluation

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