Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Sebastiani F. Text Categorization. First ed. Zanasi, Alessandro (eds.). Southampton, UK: WIT Press, 2005.
Text categorization (also known as text classification, or topic spotting) is the task of automatically sorting a set of documents into categories from a predefined set. This task has several applications, including automated indexing of scientific articles according to predefined thesauri of technical terms, filing patents into patent directories, selective dissemination of information to information consumers, automated population of hierarchical catalogues of Web resources, spam filtering, identification of document genre, authorship attribution, survey coding, and even automated essay grading. Automated text classification is attractive because it frees organizations from the need of manually organizing document bases, which can be too expensive, or simply infeasible given the time constraints of the application or the number of documents involved. The accuracy of modern text classification systems rivals that of trained human professionals, thanks to a combination of information retrieval (IR) technology and machine learning (ML) technology. This will outline the fundamental traits of the technologies involved, of the applications that can feasibly be tackled through text classification, and of the tools and resources that are available to the researcher and developer wishing to take up these technologies for deploying real-world applications.
URL: http://www.math.unipd.it/~fabseb60/Publications/TM05.pdf
Subject Text classification
Text categorization
H.3.3 Information Search and Retrieval
I.5.2 Design Methodology

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