Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Pardini C., Anselmo L. Dynamical Evolution of Debris Clouds in Geosynchronous Orbit. In: Advances in Space Research, vol. 35 (7) pp. 1303 - 1312. Elsevier, 2005.
Optical observations have discovered a substantial amount of decimeter sized objects in orbits close to the geosynchronous altitude. Most of these are probably the result of a still undetermined number of explosions occurred to spacecraft and upper stages. So far, however, only two or three fragmentations have been confirmed near GEO and the identification of further explosions at a so high altitude is made difficult by the long time passed since the occurrence of the events and by the effects of the orbital perturbations on the resulting debris clouds. In order to assist the optical observers in identifying debris clouds due to explosions in proximity of the geosynchronous region, a set of fragmentations has been simulated, taking into account a reasonable range of ejection velocities as a function of the fragment size. The resulting debris clouds have been propagated, including all the relevant orbital perturbations, for several decades and the results obtained are presented as snapshots, at given post-explosion times, in the orbital elements space.
Subject Debris Clouds
Long-Term Evolution of Space Debris in Geosynchronous Orbit
In-orbit Fragmentation Events
J.2 Physical Sciences and Engineering

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