Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Debole F., Sebastiani F. Supervised Term Weighting for Automated Text Categorization. Spiros Sirmakessis (ed.). (Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing, vol. 138). Heidelberg, DE: Physica Verlag, 2004.
The construction of a text classifier usually involves (i) a phase of term selection, in which the most relevant terms for the classification task are identified, (ii) a phase of term weighting, in which document weights for the selected terms are computed, and (iii) a phase of classifier learning, in which a classifier is generated from the weighted representations of the training documents. This process involves an activity of supervised learning, in which information on the membership of training documents in categories is used. Traditionally, supervised learning enters only phases (i) and (iii). In this paper we propose instead that learning from the training data should also affect phase (ii), i.e. that information on the membership of training documents to categories be used to determine term weights. We call this idea supervised term weighting (STW). As an example of STW, we propose a number of supervised variants of tfidf weighting, obtained by replacing the idf function with the function that has been used in phase (i) for term selection. The use of STW allows the terms that are distributed most differently in the positive and negative examples of the categories of interest to be weighted highest. We present experimental results obtained on the standard Reuters-21578 benchmark with three classifier learning methods (Rocchio, k-NN, and support vector machines), three term selection functions (information gain, chi-square, and gain ratio), and both local and global term selection and weighting.
URL: http://www.isti.cnr.it/People/F.Sebastiani/Publications/NEMIS04.pdf
Subject Supervised term weighting
Text classification
I.5.2 Classifier design and evaluation
H.3.1 Content Analysis and Indexing

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