PUMA
Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Ballatore P. Reply to Comment on "Effects of fast and slow solar wind on the correlations between interplanetary medium and geomagnetic activity" by C. B. Wang and J. K. Chao. In: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, vol. 108 (A10) pp. 1387 - 1395. American Geophysical Union, 2003.
 
 
Abstract
(English)
The paper B02 (the paper commented) shows that the statistical significance of the correlations between the interplanetary parameters and the geomagnetic indices (Kp or Dst) is, generally, less significant during the fastest solar wind. On the other hand, at these fast solar wind periods, the significance of the Kp vs. Dst correlation is equal to or higher than during slower solar wind. These results, together with further observations related to substorm periods and with previously published findings, are interpreted in terms of a difference in the interplanetary-magnetospheric coupling for solar wind faster or slower than a certain threshold (identified between about 500 and 600 km/s). Specifically, it is suggested that a possible linear approximation of the geomagnetic-interplanetary coupling is more appropriate during solar wind speed (Vsw) slower than this threshold, being non linear processes more dominant during the fastest speeds. This Reply highlights that the correlation coefficients shown by Wang and Chao are in agreement with these findings. In addition, Wang and Chao show that the statistical significance of the difference between the correlation coefficients for Vsw 550 km/s and those for Vsw < 550 km/s would indicate that the interplanetary-geomagnetic correlations during the fastest speeds are not significantly different from those at slower Vsw ranges. Here we give evidence of the fact that, according to the common definition of this parameter, the calculation of the significance of the difference between two correlation coefficients made by Wang and Chao is wrong. Moreover, Wang and Chao re-calculate the correlations between the interplanetary parameters and the DDst, instead of Dst, in fact they note that the time derivative of this index (not the index itself) is driven by the interplanetary medium. Here we note that, on the contrary, they show that the correlation coefficients between interplanetary parameters and Dst are larger than those obtained using DDst and we suggest a possible interpretation in terms of non-linearity.
URL: http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2003/2003JA009840.shtml
Subject Space
J.2 Physical Sciences and Engineering


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