Istituto di Studi sui Sistemi Intelligenti per l'Automazione     
Alessandri A., Parisini T., Zoppoli R. Sliding-window neural state estimation in a power plant heater line. In: International Journal of Adaptive Control and Signal Processing, vol. 15 (8) pp. 815 - 836. Wiley, 2001.
The state estimation problem for a section of a real power plant is addressed by means of a recently proposed sliding-window neural state estimator. The complexity and the nonlinearity of the considered application prevent us from successfully using standard techniques as Kalman filtering. The statistics of the distribution of the initial state and of noises are assumed to be unknown and the estimator is designed by minimizing a given generalized least-squares cost function. The following approximations are enforced: (i) the state estimator is a finite-memory one, (ii) the estimation functions are given fixed structures in which a certain number of parameters have to be optimized (multilayer feedforward neural networks are chosen from among various possible nonlinear approximators), (iii) the algorithms for optimizing the parameters (i.e., the network weights) rely on a stochastic approximation. Extensive simulation results on a complex model of a part of a real power plant are reported to compare the behaviour of the proposed estimator with the extended Kalman filter.
DOI: 10.1002/acs.657
Subject Estimation
Nonlinear filtering
Neural networks
Application to power plants

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