PUMA
Istituto per lo Studio dei Materiali Nanostrutturati     
Benincori T., Capaccio M., De Angelis F., Falciola L., Muccini M., Mussini P., Ponti A., Toffanin S., Traldi P., Sannicoḷ F. Spider-Like Oligothiophenes. In: Chemistry-A European Journal, vol. 14 pp. 459 - 471. Wiley, 2008.
 
 
Abstract
(English)
Careful analysis and comparison of optical and electrochemical data available in recent literature for multi-thiophene molecular assemblies suggested a few basic rules for the design of structurally simple and easily accessible oligothiophenes endowed with properties not far from those exhibited by much more complex and synthetically demanding architectures. The synthesis and computational investigation of three examples of a class of oligothiophenes (spider-like) tailored according to these indications are reported together with their exhaustive optical and electrochemical characterization. The new compounds (T95, T146, T197) are characterized by a thiophene,a 2,2'-bithiophene and a 2,2',5',2''-terthiophene unit (the spider body) fully substituted with 5-(2,2'-bithiophen)yl pendants (the spider legs). Absorption and electrochemical data are in good agreement and point to a high p-conjugation level, comparable to those displayed by much larger assemblies. Electrode potential cycling in proximity of the first oxidation peak affords fast and reproducible formation of conducting, highly stable [TXn]m films,mainly consisting of dimers (m=2). Electrooxidation kinetic experiments on deuterium-labelled T95, coupled to laser-desorption-ionization mass spectroscopy on the resulting dimer demonstrated that the coupling process is extremely regioselective in the a positions of the more conjugated pentathiophene chain. The optical and the electrochemical properties of the films are reported and discussed. A peculiar feature is their impressive charge-trapping ability. Spider-like oligothiophenes are promising materials for applications as active layers in multifunctional organic devices.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chem.200701117
Subject conducting materials
dendrimers
electrochemistry
oligothiophenes
UV/Vis spectroscopy


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