Istituto di Scienze Marine     
Ferrarin C., Umgiesser G., Cucco A., Hsu T., Roland A., Amos C. L. Development and validation of a finite element morphological model for shallow water basins. In: Coastal Engineering, vol. 55 (9) pp. 716 - 731. Elsevier Science Bv, 2008.
Recognising the importance of understanding sediment dynamics to evaluate the status of a coastal lagoon environment, this work has been focused on the investigation of the hydrodynamic and sediment transport processes occurring in such basins. In order to describe the lagoon system, a modelling approach combining hydrodynamics, waves and sediment dynamics has been developed. The framework of the numerical model consists of a finite element hydrodynamic model, a third generation finite element spectral wave model and a sediment transport and morphodynamic model for both cohesive and non-cohesive sediments. The model adopts the finite element technique for spatial integration, which has the advantage to describe more accurately complicated bathymetry and irregular boundaries for shallow water areas. The developed model has been applied to test cases and to a very shallow tidal lagoon, the Venice Lagoon, Italy. Numerical results show good agreement with water level, waves and turbidity measurements collected in several monitoring stations inside the Lagoon of Venice. Such a model represents an indispensable tool in analysing coastal problems and assessing morphological impacts of human interference.
DOI: 10.1016/j.coastaleng.2008.02.016
Subject Morphological model
Finite element
Venice Lagoon

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