PUMA
Istituto di Scienze Marine     
Segato S., Bertotto D., Fasolato L., Francescon A., Barbaro A., Corato A. Effects of triploidy on feed efficiency, morphometric indexes and chemical composition of shi drum, Umbrina cirrosa L. In: Aquaculture Research, vol. 37 (1) pp. 71 - 77. Blackwell Publishing, 2006.
 
 
Abstract
(English)
Productive performances of triploid (3n) and diploid (2n) shi drum (Umbrina cirrosa L.) were evaluated over an experimental period of 76 days. Fish, selected according to body weight (196 specimens from each ploidy), were reared in tanks (two for each thesis) under the same environmental and dietary conditions. A practical extruded diet (crude protein: 43.4%; ether extract: 19.3%) was offered to fish according to a feeding rate that varied from 1% to 1.5% of live weight. Both at the beginning and at the end of the trials, samples of fish were submitted to morphometrics and chemical analysis. The final body weight and the specific growth rate of triploid fish were significantly lower than those of fish diploid. The feed efficiency of triploids showed a reduction in crude protein retention. Juvenile triploids evidenced a larger amount of coelomatic fat, and their gonads were atrophic. The whole-body proximate composition of 3n fish was characterized by a higher ether extract and a lower crude protein content than 2n fish. Triploids had higher liver lipid content; there were no significant differences in viscera proximate composition. Sum, the results showed that chromosome set manipulation in this species can reduce productive performances at a juvenile stage, influencing some morphometric traits.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2005.01398.x
Subject triploidy
feed efficiency
chemical composition
shi drum
Umbrina cirrosa


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