PUMA
Istituto di Scienze Marine     
Zuliani A., Zaggia L., Collavini F., Zonta R. Freshwater discharge from the drainage basin to the Venice Lagoon (Italy). In: Environment International, vol. 31 (7) pp. 929 - 938. Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd, 2005.
 
 
Abstract
(English)
The twelve major tributaries of the Venice Lagoon (accounting for the 97% of the inputs from the drainage basin) were monitored in the framework of the DRAIN project (1998-2000) in order to obtain a detailed knowledge on the hydrological regimes and to measure the mean annual freshwater discharge from surface runoff. The study represents an essential step in the estimate of the pollutant load delivered to the lagoon that must necessarily be based on a solid understanding of the fluxes of material out of the drainage basin. Due to the influence of the tide in the majority of the gauging sections, a specific methodology for the measurement of the discharge was developed. The main results of the study are described, underlining the differences in the regime of the investigated streams. A rainfall-runoff analysis evidenced the different characteristics of the monitored tributaries, in terms of specific hydrological features, morphology of the individual sub-basins, management of the water resource and spatial distribution of rainfall. An estimate of the maximum peak discharge from the drainage basin is finally obtained from data of an extreme flood event occurred in November 1999. (C) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2005.05.004
Subject freshwater discharge
drainage basin
Venice Lagoon


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