Istituto di Scienze Marine     
Garaventa F., Corrą C., Piazza V., Giacco E., Greco G., Pane L., Faimali M. Settlement of the alien mollusc Brachidontes pharaonis in a Mediterranean industrial plant: Bioassays for antifouling treatment optimization and management. In: Marine Environmental Research, vol. 76 pp. 90 - 96. Emerging and persistent impacts on Marine Organisms: Detection methods and action mechanisms. Elsevier, 2012.
In this work, we investigated the efficacy of three new biocides (77351, 73532, 73503 e NALCO) as specific antifouling products against adult organisms of the bivalve Brachidontes pharaonis (Fischer P., 1870), a Lessepsian species introduced in the Mediterranean Sea by sea transport (ballast water), and which has recently shown invasive behaviour in an industrial plant in Southern Italy (Sicily). These biocides were tested to verify their efficacy, as well as their environmental compatibility at discharge point, using the crustacean belonging to the genus Artemia (Leach, 1819) as model organism, according to Government Decree (D. Lgs) No. 152/06. Biocides were also tested using alternative crustaceans, Amphibalanus amphitrite (Darwin, 1854), and Tigriopus fulvus (Fischer, 1860), in order to check whether their introduction as model species in the national regulation could affect discharge limit concentrations (DLC) due to their different sensitivity, with likely economic and technical repercussions in the industrial water treatment sector.
DOI: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2011.09.011
Subject antifouling, alien species

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