Istituto di Scienze Marine     
Canepa E., Georgieva E., Manca G., Feigenwinter C. Application of a mass consistent flow model to study the CO2 mass balance of forests. In: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 150 (5) pp. 712 - 723. Special Issue on Advection: ADVEX and Other Direct Advection Measurement Campaigns. C. Feigenwinter, M. Aubinet, E. Falge (eds.). Elsevier, 2010.
The reconstruction of the wind field is one of the main issues in the mass conservation approach for calculation of CO2 advection in forest ecosystems and still remains a challenging problem. In the current study, we present an advancement of this approach: the use of a mass consistent flow model (WINDS) which takes into account measured wind data and simulates the 3-D flow field, while imposing airmass conservation in the control volume. We apply the WINDS model to calculate half hourly mean total advective flux terms at the CarboEurope-IP site of Renon (Bozen/Bolzano Autonomous Province), in Northern Italy. The data used refer to six time periods of one day representing three different meteorological conditions observed during the ADVEX campaign from April to September 2005. Current results are compared with results obtained in two other studies for the same time periods. One of these studies is based on the mass conservation approach as well, but applies only interpolations to reconstruct the wind field; the other study makes use of tilt correction (sectorwise planar fit method) for the vertical wind component. In the present study, the effect of the wind field reconstruction method on the estimation of the advective fluxes is discussed. The possibility of using reduced input wind data (i.e. number of towers) for WINDS is also investigated. The results suggest that the representativeness of wind tower measurements is of primary importance for estimating CO2 advection terms and their uncertainty in complex terrain.
DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2010.01.017
Subject Carbon balance
Diagnostic Wind Model

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