Istituto di Scienze Marine     
Garaventa F., Centanni E., Pellizzato F., Faimali M., Terlizzi A., Pavoni B. Imposex and accumulation of organotin compounds in populations of Hexaplex trunculus (Gastropoda, Muricidae) from the Lagoon of Venice (Italy) and Istrian Coast (Croatia). In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 54 (5) pp. 615 - 622. Elsevier, 2007.
In the late 1950s, biocidal properties of organotin compounds, and of trisubstituted ones in particular, were discovered and first applied as toxic agents in timber protection. Afterwards, tributyltin (TBT), triphenyltin (TPhT), and tricyclohexyltin were introduced in fungicides, molluscicides, nematocides, ovicides, rodent repellants, wood preservatives, and, above all, antifouling paints (Hoch, 2001). Imposex (Smith, 1971) or pseudohermaphroditism (Jenner, 1979), namely the superimposition of male characteristics, such as penis and vas deferens, on females of gonochoristic gastropods is one of the most harmful effects of TBT on marine organisms.
URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2006.11.023
Subject organotin compounds
toxic agents
tributyltin (TBT)
triphenyltin (TPhT)
antifouling paints

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