PUMA
Istituto di Scienze Marine     
Cathalot C., Rabouille C., Tisnerat-Laborde N., Toussaint F., Kerherve P., Buscail R., Loftis K., Sun M. -., Tronczynski J., Azoury S., Lansard B., Treignier C., Pastor L., Tesi T. The fate of river organic carbon in coastal areas: A study in the Rhone River delta using multiple isotopic (delta C-13, Delta C-14) and organic tracers. In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 118 pp. 33 - 55. PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND, 2013.
 
 
Abstract
(English)
A significant fraction of the global carbon flux to the ocean occurs in River-dominated Ocean Margins (RiOMar) although large uncertainties remain in the cycle of organic matter (OM) in these systems. In particular, the OM sources and residence time have not been well clarified. Surface (0-1 cm) and sub-surface (3-4 cm) sediments and water column particles (bottom and intermediate depth) from the Rhone River delta system were collected in June 2005 and in April 2007 for a multi-proxy study. Lignin phenols, black carbon (BC), proto-kerogen/BC mixture, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), carbon stable isotope (delta C-13(OC)), and radiocarbon measurements (delta C-14(OC)) were carried out to characterize the source of sedimentary organic material and to address degradation and transport processes. The bulk OM in the prodelta sediment appears to have a predominantly modern terrigenous origin with a significant contribution of modern vascular C-3 plant detritus (Delta C-14(OC) = 27.9 parts per thousand, delta C-13(OC) = -27.4 parts per thousand). In contrast, the adjacent continental shelf, below the river plume, seems to be dominated by aged OM (Delta C-14(OC) = -400 parts per thousand, delta C-13(OC) = -24.2 parts per thousand), and shows no evidence of dilution and/or replacement by freshly produced marine carbon. Our data suggest an important contribution of black carbon (50% of OC) in the continental shelf sediments. Selective degradation processes occur along the main dispersal sediment system, promoting the loss of a modern terrestrial OM but also proto-kerogen-like OM. In addition, we hypothesize that during the transport across the shelf, a long term resuspension/deposition loop induces efficient long term degradation processes able to rework such refractory-like material until the OC is protected by the mineral matrix of particles. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights
DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2013.05.001
Subject POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS; NW MEDITERRANEAN SEA; SALT-MARSH SEDIMENTS; BLACK CARBON; PARTICULATE MATERIALS; OXIDATION-PRODUCTS; EARLY DIAGENESIS; BIOGEOCHEMICAL IMPLICATIONS; SPARTINA-ALTERNIFLORA; TEMPORAL VARIABILITY


Icona documento 1) Download Document PDF


Icona documento Open access Icona documento Restricted Icona documento Private

 


Per ulteriori informazioni, contattare: Librarian http://puma.isti.cnr.it

Valid HTML 4.0 Transitional