Istituto di Scienze Marine     
Rampazzo F., Berto D., Giani M., Brigolin D., Covelli S., Cacciatore E., Brusa Boscolo R., Bellucci L. G., Pastres R. Impact of mussel farming on sedimentary geochemical properties of a Northern Adriatic area influenced by freshwater inflows. In: Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, vol. 129 pp. 49 - 58. ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 24-28 OVAL RD, LONDON NW1 7DX, ENGLAND, 2013.
The interactions of mussel aquaculture with physico-chemical properties and the biogenic elemental composition of the surface sediment were studied at a long-line farm, located in a 12 km(2) area, which included the farm (4 km(2)) characterized by relevant freshwater inputs along the North-Western Adriatic coastline. Negative redox potentials were detected at two stations directly affected by the farm. Total phosphorus content reached the highest concentration at stations located beneath the farm. OC/TP and TN/TP showed similar patterns, which was characterized by average values underneath the farm (respectively 45.5 and 4.5) that were significantly lower than those measured at the control stations. Our hypothesis, that these patterns could be related to organic matter enrichment of the surface sediment underneath the farm, due to intense mussel biodeposition, was confirmed by the mass accumulation rates, estimated to be respectively 23, 2.3, 0.94 and 0.26 g m(-2) y(-1) for organic carbon, total nitrogen, total and organic phosphorus. Data concerning the sediment chemistry were normalized with respect to the pelite fraction thus increasing the capability of detecting the environmental impact of the farm under variable background sedimentary fluxes. (c) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2013.06.001
Subject Adriatic Sea; mussel farm impact; biodeposits; carbon; nitrogen; phosphorus

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