Istituto di Scienze Marine     
Dissard D., Douville E., Juillet-Leclerc A., Montagna P., Louvat P., McCulloch M. Light and temperature effects on delta B-11 and B/Ca ratios of the zooxanthellate coral Acropora sp.: results from culturing experiments. In: BIOGEOSCIENCES, vol. 9 (11) pp. 4589 - 4605. COPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT MBH, BAHNHOFSALLEE 1E, GOTTINGEN, 37081, GERMANY, 2012.
The boron isotopic composition (delta B-11) of marine carbonates (e. g. corals) is increasingly utilised as a proxy for paleo-pH, with the strong correlation between delta B-11 of marine calcifiers and seawater pH now well documented. However, the potential roles of other environmental parameters that may also influence both the boron isotopic composition and boron concentration into coral aragonite are poorly known. To overcome this, the tropical scleractinian coral Acropora sp. was cultured under 3 different temperatures (22, 25 and 28 degrees C) and two light conditions (200 and 400 mu mol photon m(-2) s(-1)). The delta B-11 indicates an increase in internal pH that is dependent on the light conditions. Changes in light intensities from 200 to 400 mu mol photon m(-2) s(-1) seem to indicate an apparent decrease in pH at the site of calcification, contrary to what is expected in most models of light-enhanced calcification. Thus, variations in light conditions chosen to mimic average annual variations of the natural environments where Acropora sp. colonies can be found could bias pH reconstructions by about 0.05 units. For both light conditions, a significant impact of temperature on delta B-11 can be observed between 22 and 25 degrees C, corresponding to an increase of about 0.02 pH-units, while no further delta B-11 increase can be observed from 25 to 28 degrees C. This non-linear temperature effect complicates the determination of a correction factor. B / Ca ratios decrease with increasing light, consistent with the decrease in pH at the site of calcification under enhanced light intensities. When all the other parameters are constant, boron concentrations in Acropora sp. increase with increasing temperatures and increasing carbonate ion concentrations. These observations contradict previous studies where B / Ca in corals was found to vary inversely with temperature, suggesting that the controlling factors driving boron concentrations have not yet been adequately identified and might be influenced by other environmental variables and/or species-specific responses.
DOI: 10.5194/bg-9-4589-2012

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