PUMA
Istituto di Scienze Marine     
Wrede C., Brady S., Rockstroh S., Kokoschka S., Heinzelmann S. M., Heller C., Reitner J., Taviani M., Daniel R., Hoppert M. Aerobic and anaerobic methane oxidation in terrestrial mud volcanoes in the Northern Apennines. In: Sedimentary Geology, vol. 263 (SI) pp. 210 - 219. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS, 2012.
 
 
Abstract
(English)
Methane oxidizing prokaryotes are ubiquitous in oxic and anoxic habitats wherever C-1-compounds are present. Thus, methane saturated mud volcano fluids should be a preferred habitat of methane consuming prokaryotes, using the readily available electron donors. In order to understand the relevance of methane as a carbon and energy source in mud volcano communities, we investigate the diversity of prokaryotic organisms involved in oxidation of methane in fluid samples from the Salse di Nirano mud volcano field situated in the Northern Apennines. Cell counts were at approximately 0.7 x 10(6) microbial cells/ml. A fraction of the microbial biomass was identified as ANME (anaerobic methanotroph) archaea by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis. They are associated in densely colonized flakes, of some tens of mu m in diameter, embedded in a hyaline matrix. Diversity analysis based on the 16S rDNA genes, retrieved from amplified and cloned environmental DNA, revealed a high proportion of archaea, involved in anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM). Aerobic methane-oxidizing proteobacteria could be highly enriched from mud volcano fluids, indicating the presence of aerobic methanotrophic bacteria, which may contribute to methane oxidation, whenever oxygen is readily available. The results imply that biofilms, dominated by ANME archaea, colonize parts of the mud volcano venting system. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2011.06.004
Subject Anaerobic oxidation of methane; ANME archaea; Mud volcano; Northern Apennines
GULF-OF-MEXICO; RIBOSOMAL DATABASE PROJECT; SEA WATER COLUMN; BLACK-SEA; MARINE-SEDIMENTS; CLONE LIBRARIES; RDP-II; BACTERIA; ARCHAEA; DIVERSITY


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