Istituto di Scienze Marine     
Longinelli A., Langone L., Ori C., Selmo E. Atmospheric CO(2) concentrations and delta(13)C over western and eastern Mediterranean basins during summer 2007. In: Atmospheric Environment, vol. 45 (31) pp. 5514 - 5522. PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND, 2011.
During summer 2007, two survey cruises covered large sections of both western and eastern Mediterranean basins. Atmospheric CO(2) concentrations were measured with a Siemens Ultramat 5E analyser on both outward and return voyages, and 48 discrete air samples were collected with evacuated Pyrex flasks. The delta(13)C values of the CO(2) from the flask air samples were measured in the laboratory following well-established procedures. CO(2) concentrations in the western basin were characterised by marked variations, ranging from about 381 to about 394 ppmv. Peaks of up to 398 and 415 ppmv were occasionally recorded, in particular close to the Strait of Gibraltar. The delta(13)C values were very homogeneous, with a mean value of -9.70 +/- 0.22 parts per thousand, in contrast with the large delta(13)C fluctuations expected in this basin. The eastern basin, on average, showed far lower CO(2) concentrations than those recorded in the western one. The overall range was between about 375 and 398 ppmv, but most values fell between 375 and 388 ppmv. The delta(13)C values of the discrete air samples were also very homogeneous, with a mean value of -9.37 +/- 0.16 parts per thousand, less negative than that of the western basin. The CO(2) concentrations were slightly lower than those measured in December 2007 in the eastern Mediterranean in contrast with the hypothesis of heavy summer pollution in the Mediterranean basins. No quantitative relationship was found between CO(2) concentrations and delta(13)C values. This discrepancy may be the effect of the large biospheric sink of CO(2) on land and of the plant isotopic discrimination against (13)C. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.06.024
Subject Atmospheric CO(2) concentration
delta(13)C of atmospheric CO(2)
Western and eastern basins

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