PUMA
Istituto di Scienze Marine     
La Cono ,. V., Smedile F., Bortoluzzi G., Arcadi E., Maimone G., Messina E., Borghini M., Oliveri E., Mazzola S., L'Haridon S., Toffin L., Genovese L., Ferrer M., Giuliano L., Golyshin P. N., Yakimov M. M. Unveiling microbial life in new deep-sea hypersaline Lake Thetis. Part I: Prokaryotes and environmental settings. In: Environmental Microbiology, vol. 13 (8) pp. 2250 - 2268. WILEY-BLACKWELL, COMMERCE PLACE, 350 MAIN ST, MALDEN 02148, MA USA, 2011.
 
 
Abstract
(English)
In September 2008, an expedition of the RV Urania was devoted to exploration of the genomic richness of deep hypersaline anoxic lakes (DHALs) located in the Western part of the Mediterranean Ridge. Approximately 40 nautical miles SE from Urania Lake, the presence of anoxic hypersaline lake, which we named Thetis, was confirmed by swath bathymetry profiling and through immediate sampling casts. The brine surface of the Thetis Lake is located at a depth of 3258 m with a thickness of similar to 157 m. Brine composition was found to be thalassohaline, saturated by NaCl with a total salinity of 348 parts per thousand, which is one of highest value reported for DHALs. Similarly to other Mediterranean DHALs, seawater-brine interface of Thetis represents a steep pycno- and chemocline with gradients of salinity, electron donors and acceptors and posseses a remarkable stratification of prokaryotic communities, observed to be more metabolically active in the upper interface where redox gradient was sharper. [(14)C]-bicarbonate fixation analysis revealed that microbial communities are sustained by sulfur-oxidizing chemolithoautotrophic primary producers that thrive within upper interface. Besides microaerophilic autotrophy, heterotrophic sulfate reduction, methanogenesis and anaerobic methane oxidation are likely the predominant processes driving the ecosystem of Thetis Lake.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2011.02478.x
Subject SULFATE-REDUCING BACTERIA
EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN SEA
SULFUR-OXIDIZING PROKARYOTES
16S RIBOSOMAL-RNA
ANOXIC BASINS
REDUCTASE GENES
CARBON ASSIMILATION


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