Istituto di Scienze Marine     
Sommerfreund J., Gandhi N., Diamond M., Mugnai C., Frignani M., Capodaglio G., Gerino M., Bellucci L. G., Giuliani S. Contaminant fate and transport in the Venice Lagoon: Results from a multi-segment multimedia model. In: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 73 (3) pp. 222 - 230. ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE, 525 B ST, STE 1900, SAN DIEGO, CA 92101-4495 USA, 2010.
Contaminant loadings to the Venice Lagoon peaked from 1950s-1980s and although they have since declined, contaminant concentrations remain elevated in sediment and seafood. In order to identify the relative importance of contaminant sources, inter-media exchange and removal pathways, a modified 10-segment fugacity/aquivalence-based model was developed for octachlorodibenzodioxin/furan (OCDD/F), PCB-180, Pb and Cu in the Venice Lagoon. Results showed that in-place pollution nearby the industrial area, current industrial discharges, and tributary loadings were the main sources of contaminants to the lagoon, with negligible contributions from the atmosphere. The fate of these contaminants was governed by sediment-water exchange with simultaneous advective transport by water circulation. Contaminants circulated amongst the northern and central basins with a small fraction reaching the far southern basin and the Chioggia inlet. As a consequence, we estimated limited contaminant transfer to the Adriatic Sea, trapping the majority of contaminants in the sediment in this "average" circulation scenario which does not account for periodic flooding events. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2009.11.005

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