Istituto di Scienze Marine     
Ducassou E., Capotondi L., Murat A., Bernasconi S. M., Mulder T., Gonthier E., Migeon S., Duprat J., Giraudeau J., Mascle J. Multiproxy late quaternary stratigraphy of the Nile deep-sea turbidite system - Towards a chronology of deep-sea terrigeneous systems. In: Sedimentary Geology, vol. 200 (40210) pp. 1 - 13. Elsevier Science Bv, 2007.
Understanding the recent formation of a sedimentary system such as a deep-sea turbidite system (DSTS) requires an accurate stratigraphic control on deposits. Due to the important terrigeneous input which disrupts the sedimentary record, DSTS is an environment where stratigraphic control is difficult to assess. Most of the time, traditional stratigraphic tools are not accurate enough. This has led to a rather limited number of studies concerning stratigraphy in DSTS. In this study, we examine several hemipelagic long piston cores collected from the Nile DSTS (eastern Mediterranean), in order to understand the recent evolution of the complex sedimentary system in this area. The first aim of this study is to show how to obtain a reliable timeframe in DSTS. Indeed, we provided a detailed ecostratigraphical scheme based on planktonic foraminiferal distribution, oxygen isotope records and lithostratigraphy (sapropels and tephra) of three cores where the sedimentation is least disturbed. We have identified 29 foraminiferal ecozones during the last 250,000 years BP, with an approximately 2000-year time resolution. The time span of each ecozone was constrained by the oxygen isotope record, C-14 AMS radiometric data, tephrochronology and the sapropel chronology. These high-resolution ecostratigraphical time subdivisions have been applied in discontinuous mixed hemipelagic/turbiditic sequences of a levee record. This example shows how to date gravity events, formation and time periods of sedimentary accumulations. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2007.01.023
Subject deep-sea turbidite system
late quaternary stratigraphy
planktonic foraminifers
Nile area
eastern Mediterranean

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