Istituto di Scienze Marine     
Giovannelli D., Grosche A., Starovoytov V., Yakimov M., Manini E., Vetriani C. Galenea microaerophila gen. nov., sp. nov., a mesophilic, microaerophilic, chemosynthetic, thiosulfate-oxidizing bacterium isolated from a shallow-water hydrothermal vent. In: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, vol. 62 pp. 3060 - 3066. IUMS, 2012.
A mesophilic, strictly microaerophilic, chemosynthetic bacterium, designated strain P2DT, was isolated from the sediment of an active shallow-water hydrothermal vent in Paleochori Bay, on the Greek island of Milos. The cells were Gram-staining-negative rods that measured approximately 0.8-1.3 mm in length and 0.4-0.5 mm in width. Strain P2DT grew at 20-50 6C (optimum 35 6C), with 1.0-5.0% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 3.0 %), and at pH 4.5-8.0 (optimum pH 5.5). The generation time under optimal conditions was 1.1 h. Growth occurred under chemolithoautotrophic conditions with S2O2 3 and CO2 as the energy and carbon sources, respectively. Oxygen (5 %) was used as sole terminal electron acceptor. No growth was observed in the presence of acetate, formate, lactate, tryptone or peptone. Chemolithoheterotrophic growth occurred when D-glucose or sucrose were present as carbon sources. None of the organic compounds tested was used as an electron donor. The genomic DNA G+C content of the novel strain was 44.9 mol%. In a phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain P2DT was found to be most closely related to Thiomicrospira psychrophila DSM 13453T (92.8% sequence similarity). Based on the phylogenetic, physiological and chemotaxonomic evidence, strain P2DT represents a novel species of a new genus within the class Gammaproteobacteria of the family Piscirickettsiaceae, for which the name Galenea microaerophila gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the type species is P2DT (5DSM 24963T5JCM 17795T).
DOI: 10.1099/ijs.0.040808-0
Subject chemosynthetic
thiosulfate oxidation
shallow water
hydrothermal vent

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