Istituto di Ingegneria Biomedica     
Clodi M., Resl M., Stelzeneder D., Pacini G., Tura A., Struck J., Morgenthaler N., Bergmann A., Riedl M., Anderwald-Stadler M., Luger A., Pacher R., Hulsmann M. Interactions of glucose metabolism and chronic heart failure. In: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes, vol. 117 (3) pp. 99 - 106. Georg Thieme Verlag, 2009.
BACKGROUND: We evaluated insulin sensitivity and beta cell function in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), and investigated a possible correlation of these metabolic parameters with specific biomarkers of heart failure. Additionally, we investigated the effects of two angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), namely telmisartan and candesartan, that were administered over a 5 month treatment period, as additional therapy to standard care. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study group consisted of 94 CHF patients. Insulin sensitivity (OGIS index) and insulin secretion parameters were investigated by frequently sampled oral glucose tolerance tests and consecutive mathematical modelling. In total, 94.6 % of patients had clinically overt diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance or insulin resistance at the time of enrolment HbA1c was found to correlate to NT-proBNP, MR-proADM, CT-proET-1, and MR-proANP, but not to Copeptin. NT-proBNP correlated inversely to OGIS. None of the metabolic parameters were altered significantly after candesartan or telmisartan treatment in either the patient or standard care group. CONCLUSION: Insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion are impaired in CHF and biomarkers of heart failure and atherosclerotic disease correlate to glucose metabolism.
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=19085703
Subject cardiovascular incidences
metabolic features

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