Istituto di Ingegneria Biomedica     
Tushuizen M. E., Bunck M., Pouwels P., Bontemps S., Van Waesberghe J. H., Schindhelm R. K., Mari A., Heine R. J., Diamant M. Pancreatic fat content and beta-cell function in men with and without type 2 diabetes. In: Diabetes care, vol. 30 (11) pp. 2916 - 21. American Diabetes Association, 2007.
OBJECTIVE: Insulin resistance, associated with increased lipolysis, results in a high exposure of nonadipose tissue to lipids. Experimental data indicate that fatty infiltration of pancreatic islets may also contribute to beta-cell dysfunction, but whether this occurs in humans in vivo is unknown. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and oral glucose tolerance tests, we studied the association of pancreatic lipid accumulation in vivo and various aspects of beta-cell function in 12 insulin-naive type 2 diabetic and 24 age- and BMI-matched nondiabetic men. RESULTS: Patients versus control subjects had higher A1C, fasting plasma glucose, and insulin and triglyceride levels and lower HDL cholesterol, but similar waist circumference. Median (interquartile range) pancreatic fat content in patients and control subjects was 20.4% (13.4-43.6) and 9.7% (7.0-20.2), respectively (P = 0.032). Pancreatic fat correlated negatively with beta-cell function parameters, including the insulinogenic index adjusted for insulin resistance, early glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, beta-cell glucose sensitivity, and rate sensitivity (all P < 0.05), but not potentiation. However, these associations were significantly affected by the diabetic state, such that a significant association of pancreatic fat with beta-cell dysfunction was only present in the nondiabetic group (all P < 0.01), suggesting that once diabetes occurs, factors additional to pancreatic fat account for further beta-cell function decline. In control subjects, the association of pancreatic fat and beta-cell function remained significant after correction for BMI, fasting plasma glucose, and triglycerides (P = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that pancreatic lipid content may contribute to beta-cell dysfunction and possibly to the subsequent development of type 2 diabetes in susceptible humans.
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=17666465
DOI: 10.2337/dc07-0326
Subject Type 2 diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, pathology
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, physiopathology
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Glucose Tolerance Test

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