Istituto di Ingegneria Biomedica     
Stadler M., Anderwald C., Karer T., Tura A., Kästenbauer T., Auinger M., Bieglmayer C., Wagner O., Kronnenberg F., Nowotny P., Pacini G., Prager R. Increased plasma amylin in type 1 diabetic patients after kidney and pancreas transplantation. A sign of impaired beta cell function?. In: Diabetes care, vol. 29 pp. 1031 - 8. American Diabetes Association, 2006.
OBJECTIVE: In response to hyperglycemia, beta-cells release insulin and C-peptide, as well as islet amyloid pancreatic polypeptide, which is involved in glucose homeostasis. After successful pancreas-kidney transplantation (PKT), type 1 diabetic patients may revert to a nondiabetic metabolism without exogenous insulin therapy and re-secrete all beta-cell hormones. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using mathematical models, we investigated hormone (amylin, insulin, C-peptide) and metabolite (glucose, free fatty acids) kinetics, beta-cell sensitivity to glucose, and oral glucose insulin sensitivity index (OGIS) in 11 nondiabetic type 1 diabetic patients after PKT (BMI 25 +/- 1 kg/m2, 47 +/- 2 years of age, 4 women/7 men, glucocorticoid-free), 6 matching nondiabetic patients after kidney transplantation (25 +/- 1 kg/m2, 50 +/- 5 years, 3 women/3 men, on glucocorticoids), and 9 matching nondiabetic control subjects (24 +/- 1 kg/m2, 47 +/- 2 years, 4 women/5 men) during a 3-h 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). RESULTS: PKT patients had higher fasting amylin (19 +/- 3 vs. control subjects: 7 +/- 1 pmol/l) and insulin (20 +/- 2 vs. control subjects: 10 +/- 1 microU/ml; each P < 0.01) levels. Kidney transplant subjects showed increased OGTT plasma insulin at 90 min and C-peptide levels (each P < 0.05). In PKT patients, plasma glucose from 90 to 150 min was 9-31% higher (P < 0.05 vs. control subjects). Amylin clearance was comparable in all groups. Amylin's plasma concentrations and area under the concentration curve were up to twofold higher in PKT patients during OGTT (P < 0.05). OGIS was not significantly different between groups. beta-Cell sensitivity to glucose was reduced in PKT patients (-64%, P < 0.009). Fasting plasma amylin was inversely associated with beta-cell sensitivity to glucose (r = -0.543, P < 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: After successful PKT, type 1 diabetic patients with nondiabetic glycemia exhibit increased fasting and post-glucose load plasma amylin, which appears to be linked to impaired beta-cell function. Thus, higher amylin release in proportion to insulin might also reflect impaired beta-cell function in type 1 diabetic patients after PKT.
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=16644633&dopt=Abstract
DOI: stadler_2006_1491.pdf
Subject Type 1 diabetes
kidney and pancreas transplantation

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