Istituto di Ingegneria Biomedica     
Scopinaro F., Paschali E., Di Santo G., Antonellis T., Massari R., Trotta C., Gourni H., Bouziotis P., David V., Soluri A., Varvarigou A. Bombesin receptors and transplanted stem cells in rat brain: high resolution scan with 99mTc BN1.1. In: Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section A-Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 569 pp. 525 - 8. Elsevier, 2006.
The aim of this work is to detect the presence of transplanted stem cells (TSC) in rat brain with high-resolution (HR) scintigraphy and labelled bombesin (BN). BN is a morphogen for Central Nervous System (CNS) as well as for other organs: CNS-oriented TSC over-express BN Receptors (BNR). BN is also a neurotransmitter and modulates several functions of CNS. 99mTc labelled BN-like peptide scan of CNS is the ideal method to detect growing TSC once knowing normal distribution of BNRs in CNS. HR Planar and single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) images of rat brain were performed with new HR detectors (Li-tech, Italy). Pertechnetate, 99mTc HMPAO and the new 99mTc BN1.1 (patented) were i.v. administered in five rats. HR SPECT of 99mTc BN1.1 detected olfactory tract, fronto-lateral cortex, cerebellum, basal ganglia and amygdale. Results of SPECT were confirmed by bio-distribution study performed after autopsy of three of the five rats. The remaining two rats underwent cerebral lesions followed by transplant of TSC. Three months later, HR scintigraphy was repeated and showed images completely different from previous basal study, with hot spot of 99mTc BN1.1 corresponding to the site of TSC transplant. Immuno-histochemistry confirmed the presence of viable TSC. Not only 99mTc BN1.1 HR scan showed viability of transplanted TSC but also the "background brain" was the still now unknown map of BNR in mammalian brain.
URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TJM-4M1TXK0-3&_user=6689734&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_searchStrId=1064027561&_rerunOrigin=google&_acct=C000061181&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=6689734&md5=65c7ce82
DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2006.08.149
Subject Nuclear medicine imaging
Small animal imaging
Rats brain

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