Istituto dei materiali per l'elettronica ed il magnetismo     
Fabbrici S., Kamarad J., Arnold Z., Casoli F., Paoluzi A., Bolzoni F., Cabassi R., Solzi M., Porcari G., Pernechele C., Albertini F. From direct to inverse giant magnetocaloric effect in Co-doped NiMnGa multifunctional alloys. In: Acta Materialia, vol. 59 pp. 412 - 419. Elsevier Ltd, 2011.
We report the magnetic and magnetocaloric properties in Co-doped Ni-Mn-Ga Heusler alloys around the Mn-rich composition Ni50Mn30Ga20. The presence of Co affects profoundly the critical temperatures and alters the exchange interactions of martensite and austenite to different extents; by varying the composition it is possible to tune the critical temperatures and to induce a paramagnetic gap between the magnetically ordered martensite and magnetic austenite, thus giving rise to a reverse magnetostructural transformation. Contrary to the Co-free alloys, the saturation magnetization moment of austenite is strongly enhanced by Co with respect to the martensitic one: thus the magnetocaloric effect turns from direct into inverse. Remarkable values of the magnetic properties related to the magnetocaloric effect, e.g. the saturation magnetization jump at the transformation (DM) and the field dependence of the transformation temperature (dT/dH) are reported, together with high positive values of the isothermal magnetic entropy change (DS). The conditions for enhancing the magnetocaloric properties and triggering the sign reversal of the magnetocaloric effect are discussed.
DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2010.09.059
Subject Ni-Mn-Ga-Co
Ferromagnetic shape memory alloys
Magnetostructural transformations
Magnetic properties
Inverse magnetocaloric effect

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