Istituto dei materiali per l'elettronica ed il magnetismo     
De Sousa N., Apolinario A., Vernay F., Monteiro P., Albertini F., Casoli F., Kachkachi H., Schmool D. S. Spin configurations in hard/soft coupled bilayer systems: Transitions from rigid magnet to exchange-spring. In: Physical Review B, vol. 82 (10) article n. 104433. The American Physical Society, 2010.
We investigate equilibrium properties of an exchange-spring magnetic system constituted of a soft layer (e.g., Fe) of a given thickness on top of a hard magnetic layer (e.g., FePt). The magnetization profile M(z) as a function of the atomic position ranging from the bottom of the hard layer to the top of the soft layer is obtained in two cases with regard to the hard layer: (i) in the case of a rigid interface (the FePt layer is a single layer), the profile is obtained analytically as the exact solution of a sine-Gordon equation with Cauchy's boundary conditions. Additional numerical simulations also confirm this result. Asymptotic expressions of M(z) show a linear behavior near the bottom and the top of the soft layer. In addition, a critical value of the number of atomic planes in the soft layer, that is necessary for the onset of spin deviations, is obtained in terms of the anisotropy and exchange coupling between the adjacent plane in the soft layer. (ii) In the case of a relaxed interface (the FePt layer is a multilayer), the magnetization profile is obtained numerically for various Fe and FePt films thicknesses and applied field.
URL: http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevB.82.104433
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.82.104433
Subject Exchange-coupled bilayers
Micromagnetic modeling

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