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Istituto di Informatica e Telematica     
Mordacchini M., Valerio L., Conti M., Passarella A. Design and evaluation of a cognitive approach for disseminating semantic knowledge and content in opportunistic networks. In: Computer Communications, vol. 81 (-) pp. 12 - 30. Elsevier, 2016.
 
 
Abstract
(English)
In cyber-physical convergence scenarios information flows seamlessly between the physical and the cyber worlds. Here, users' mobile devices represent a natural bridge through which users process acquired information and perform actions. The sheer amount of data available in this context calls for novel, autonomous and lightweight data-filtering solutions, where only relevant information is finally presented to users. Moreover, in many real-world scenarios data is not categorised in predefined topics, but it is generally accompanied by semantic descriptions possibly describing users' interests. In these complex conditions, user devices should autonomously become aware not only of the existence of data in the network, but also of their semantic descriptions and correlations between them. To tackle these issues, we present a set of algorithms for knowledge and data dissemination in opportunistic networks, based on simple and very effective models (called cognitive heuristics) coming from cognitive sciences. We show how to exploit them to disseminate both semantic data and the corresponding data items. We provide a thorough performance analysis, under various different conditions comparing our results against non-cognitive solutions. Simulation results demonstrate the superior performance of our solution towards a more effective semantic knowledge acquisition and representation, and a more tailored content acquisition.
Subject Opportunistic Networks
Knowledge dissemination
Data Dissemination
Cognitive heuristics
Associative semantic network
C.2.1 Network Architecture and Design: Packet-switching networks


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