Istituto di Informatica e Telematica     
Faggiani A., Gregori E., Improta A., Sani L. A study on traceroute potentiality in revealing the Internet AS-level topology. In: Networking Conference, 2014 IFIP (Trondheim, Norway, - 2014). Proceedings, pp. 1 - 9. IEEE, 2014.
Several works over the past few years have shown that the Internet AS-level topology is partially hidden from the current Internet measurement infrastructures. Most have focused on the incompleteness of the connectivity extracted from BGP data. A few have analysed the connectivity collected by traceroute measurement infrastructures showing the amount of connections introduced by traceroute campaigns. None, however, have investigated in detail the underlying rationale, i.e. the economic nature of the Internet. In this paper we fill this gap by analysing five traceroute infrastructures, found to be active in October 2013, with the p2c-distance metric, which is specifically designed to capture the complex economic dynamics that rule the Internet. We found that the traceroute infrastructures that currently run topology discovery measurements (Ark, DIMES and Portolan), together with BGP route collectors, are able to reveal the full connectivity of 23.50% of the Internet core ASes. This is a considerable improvement given that the BGP infrastructure alone is able to cover only 15.90% of the Internet core. This percentage could be increased up to 48.48% if the remaining two infrastructures (Dasu/Ono and RIPE Atlas) performed topology discovery campaigns. We also found that the placement of traceroute probes is not optimal from a topology discovery perspective, as it causes several probes to provide only redundant connectivity information. We show that the same number of traceroute probes optimally deployed, would be able to completely reveal the full AS connectivity of the Internet core.
Subject Internet
IP networks
Network Topology
C.2.1 Network Architecture and Design: wireless communication

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