Istituto di Informatica e Telematica     
Genovese L., Geraci F., Pellegrini M. A Fast and Accurate Heuristic for the Single Individual SNP Haplotyping Problem with Many Gaps, High Reading Error Rate and Low Coverage. In: WABI 2007 - Algorithms in Bioinformatics: 7th International Workshop (Philadelphia, USA, 2007). Proceedings, vol. 4645 pp. 49 - 60. Springer, 2007.
Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) is the most frequent form of DNA variation. The set of SNPs present in a chromosome (called the haplotype) is of interest in a wide area of applications in molecular biology and biomedicine, including diagnostic and medical therapy. In this paper we propose a new heuristic method for the problem of haplotype reconstruction for (portions of ) a pair of homologous human chromosomes from a single individual (SIH). The problem is well known in literature and exact algorithms have been proposed for the case when no (or few) gaps are allowed in the input fragments. These algorithms, though exact and of polynomial complexity, are slow in practice. Therefore fast heuristics have been proposed. In this paper we describe a new heuristic method that is able to tackle the case of many gapped fragments and retains its effectiveness even when the input fragments have high rate of reading errors (up to 20%) and low coverage (as low as 3). We test our method on real data from the HapMap Project.
Subject SNP
molecular configurations
biology computing

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