Istituto di Informatica e Telematica     
Blough D. M., Leoncini M., Resta G., Santi P. Topology Control with Better Radio Models: Implications for Energy and Multi-Hop Interference. In: PERFORMANCE EVALUATION (03678J0), vol. 64 (5) pp. 379 - 398. Elsevier, 2007.
Topology Control (TC) is a well-studied technique used in wireless ad hoc networks to find energy-efficient and/or low-interference subgraphs of the maxpower communication graph. However, existing work has the following limitations: (1) the energy model adopted is quite unrealistic — only transmit power is often considered and homogeneous decay of the radio signal with distance is assumed; (2) the interference measure does not account for multi-hop communications. In this paper, we show the dramatic effect of the underlying energy and interference model on TC. In particular, we demonstrate that by using more realistic energy models and considering the effects of multi-hop interference, radically different conclusions about TC can be drawn; namely that (1) energy efficient TC is essentially meaningless, since every link turns out to be “efficient”, and that (2) topologies identified as “interference-optimal” in the current literature can be extremely bad from the viewpoint of multi-hop interference. Given these observations, we propose a new measure of link interference, extend it to deal with multi-hop interference, and design a corresponding optimal communication subgraph, called ATASP. We prove that, in the worst case, ATASP coincides with the maxpower communication graph, showing that in some unfortunate situations also performing multi-hop interference-based TC is pointless. However, the simulation results with random node deployments presented in this paper show that, on the average, ATASP is a sparse subgraph of the maxpower communication graph, and multi-hop interference-based TC is indeed possible. Since computing ATASP requires global knowledge, we experiment through simulation with known localized algorithms for energy-efficient TC and show that they perform well (on the average) with respect to multi-hop interference.
Subject Ad hoc wireless networks
Topology control
Radio models
Energy consumption

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