Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse     
Tiepolo M., Langone A., Morishita T., Yuhara M. On the recycling of amphibole-rich ultramafic intrusive rocks in the arc crust: Evidence from Shikanoshima Island (Kyushu, Japan). In: Journal of Petrology, vol. 53 (6) pp. 1255 - 1285. Oxford University Press, 2012.
New insights into the role of amphibole in arc magma petrogenesis are provided by the mineral chemistry and U-Pb geochronology of Cretaceous amphibole-rich mafic rocks and associated granitoids from Shikanoshima Island (Kyushu, Japan). In the northeastern part of Shikanoshima Island a relatively large body (about 600 m in length) of amphibole-rich mafic rocks is found within granodiorite host-rocks. The core of the mafic body consists of amphibole-rich gabbrodiorite with a porphyritic texture. Towards the host granodiorite the porphyritic texture is progressively lost and a band of relatively homogeneous medium- to fine-grained mafic rock marks the boundary with the granitoid rocks. The amphibole-rich porphyritic gabbrodiorite consists of large amphibole grains (up to 60 vol. %) characterized by brown cores, occasional inclusions of clinopyroxene, and green rims. These large amphibole grains are dispersed in a fine-grained matrix consisting of green amphibole, clinopyroxene and plagioclase. Literature whole-rock data on the mafic rocks from Shikanoshima Island suggest that they are the intrusive counterparts of high-Mg andesite (HMA). Major and trace element mineral compositions reveal a marked chemical contrast between the brown amphibole (and its inclusions) and the matrix minerals, suggesting that they are not on the same liquid line of descent. The brown amphibole and its clinopyroxene inclusions were inherited from amphibole-rich ultramafic intrusive crustal rocks (e.g. hornblendites) crystallized from a melt with a chemical composition close to that of continental arc basalts. U-Pb geochronological data suggest that the xenocrystic material is about 20 Myr older than the matrix minerals. The matrix mineral crystallized from a parental liquid similar to sanukite-type HMA and with a trace element signature characterized by strong enrichment in elements with high crustal affinity and depletion in heavy rare earth elements. Green amphibole is a common mineral in all the studied lithologies; this allowed us to monitor the compositional variations in the liquid from which it crystallized moving from the core of the mafic complex to the host granodiorite. The data reveal that the interstitial melt had interacted with a melt enriched in elements with a high crustal affinity that, given the close association in the field, is inferred to be the host granitoid. These results favour an origin for sanukite-type HMA not from primary mantle melts but from mantle melts that have been affected by crustal processes and have been contaminated by crustal material. The major and trace element composition of the brown amphibole from the Shikanoshima Island mafic rocks is compared with that of brown amphibole from other amphibolite-rich intrusive rocks in orogenic settings worldwide (Alpine chain and Ross Orogen). The observed similarities suggest that the amphibole-rich mafic rocks are the expression of a magmatic process with a common geochemical affinity that is independent of the age and local geodynamic setting and thus related to a specific petrogenetic process. Amphibole-rich mafic and ultramafic intrusive rocks could be a common feature of all collisional systems and thus represent a 'hidden' amphibole reservoir in the arc crust. We show that amphibole plays a major role in the petrogenesis of sanukite-type HMA but is also expected to play a major role in the differentiation of many other arc magmas.
URL: http://https://academic.oup.com/petrology
Subject amphibole
U-Pb dating
trace element

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