Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse     
Capaccioni B., Vaselli O., Tassi F., Santo A., Delgado Huertas A. Hydrogeochemistry of the thermal waters from the Sciacca geothermal field (Sicily, southern Italy). In: Journal of Hydrology, vol. 396 (3-4) pp. 282 - 301. Elsevier, 2011.
The Sciacca basin (southern Sicily, Italy), well known since the Roman times for the importance of its thermo-mineral waters, is characterized by a large occurrence of thermal fluid discharges whose main thermal aquifer is located within the Triassic carbonate rocks. This reservoir represents the deepest formation cropping out in the area. Shallower and cooler thermal aquifers are located within the Tertiary limestone and Quaternary sand and gravel deposits. In this work new geochemical and isotopic data of thermal waters and dissolved gases from springs and wells were investigated to assess the origin of thermal fluids and the structure of the hydrothermal system. The main thermal aquifer, at about 60 C and located at 43 m a.s.l., is fed by an 18O-enriched (δ18O~+4;δD~0) thermal marine end-member, affected by cooling and dilution (1:2) caused by mixing with inland-originated meteoric waters (δ18O~−8; δD~−58). This meteoric recharge is likely related to the area of Ficuzza and San Genuardo Mts., located 12 and 23 km N of Sciacca, respectively, at an altitude comprised between 900 and 1180 m a.s.l. After this primary dilution, the deep thermal aquifer, emerging at the "Antiche Terme Selinuntine" discharging site, is not apparently affected by further dilution processes in the Sciacca area, where the sedimentary cover does not allow infiltration of local meteoric waters down to the Triassic reservoir. Conversely, the shallower thermal aquifers hosted within the Tertiary-Quaternary sedimentary horizons are locally supplied by direct infiltration of meteoric water occurring at variable altitudes, up to about 400 m a.s.l. (San Calogero Mt.). With the only exception of the Molinelli thermal spring, direct contribution from the deep thermal end-member to thermal springs fed by the shallower aquifers can be considered negligible.
URL: http://https://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-hydrology/
Subject Sciacca geothermal field
fluid geochemistry
Sicily channel
isotope geochemistry

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