Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse     
Black L., Everard J., McClenaghan M., Korsch R., Calver C., Fioretti A., Brown A., Foudoulis C. Controls on Devonian-Carboniferous magmatism in Tasmania, based on inherited zircon age patterns, Sr, Nd and Pb isotopes, and major and trace element geochemistry. In: Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, vol. 57 (7) pp. 933 - 968. Taylor and Francis, 2010.
Devonian-Carboniferous granites are widespread in Tasmania. In eastern Tasmania, Devonian granites intrude Ordovician-Early Devonian quartz-rich turbidites of the Mathinna Supergroup. The earliest (∼400 Ma) I-type granodiorites may be arc-related. Following the Tabberabberan Orogeny (∼389 Ma), more felsic and, finally, strongly fractionated I- and S-type granites were emplaced until ∼373 Ma. In contrast, western Tasmania granites intrude a more diverse terrane of predominantly marine shelf successions, with depositional ages as old as Late Mesoproterozoic. They are mostly felsic and fractionated I- and S-types emplaced from ∼374-351 Ma, possibly in response to post-collisional crustal extension following juxtaposition of the eastern and western Tasmanian terranes. Granites from the two terranes are readily distinguishable by the age spectra of their inherited zircon, which are noticeably similar to those of the detrital zircon from sedimentary successions in their respective terranes. Furthermore, within each terrane, both I and S-types yield similar inheritance patterns. This suggests a pivotal role for the sedimentary successions in the petrogenesis of both types. Western Tasmanian granites are also enriched in ∼1600 Ma zircon, which is essentially unrepresented in the exposed supracrustal succession. Subtle differences between the inheritance and detrital age spectra in eastern Tasmania probably relate to unrepresentative sampling of the supracrustal rocks. Nd, Sr and Pb isotopic characteristics of the granites are consistent with their derivation by mixing of magmas derived from the mantle, possibly the lower crust, and from supracrustal rocks. Systematic isotopic trends in some eastern Tasmanian I-types, particularly in the Scottsdale Batholith, correlate well with major and trace element geochemistry and age. The isotopes are inconsistent with simple restite unmixing or crystal fractionation in a closed magma chamber, and indicate progressive contamination by the Mathinna Supergroup, or similar rocks. The isotopic characteristics of late, strongly fractionated granites, although sometimes obscured by hydrothermal alteration, are also consistent with concurrent assimilation-fractional crystallisation processes. Together with the close association of some strongly fractionated I- and S-types, this suggests that such granites were generated directly in the lower crust, and were not derived from unfractionated parental granite magmas.
URL: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/08120099.asp
Subject carboniferous
granite genesis
inherited zircon
Nd isotopes
Pb isotopes
Sr isotopes
U-Pb ages

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