Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse     
Scrivano V., Viccaro M., Cristofolini R., Ottolini L. Metasomatic events recorded in ultramafic xenoliths from the Hyblean area (Southeastern Sicily, Italy). In: Mineralogy and Petrology, vol. 95 (3-4) pp. 235 - 250. Springer, 2009.
Three types of ultramafic xenoliths from the Hyblean area (Sicily) show prime evidence for mantle metasomatism, namely: 1) Spinel-facies depleted harzburgite veined by phlogopite-bearing clinopyroxenite; 2) Amphibole-bearing harzburgite; and 3) Al-spinel websterite. (2) and (3) exhibit glassy pockets having respectively mugearitic and basanitic compositions, but a little amount of glass with low Ca and very low alkalis in (2). Glasses generally show trace element distributions consistent with the partial melting of pargasite-dominated mineral assemblages. Abundant Ca-Mg-carbonate globules immersed in these glassy pockets testify to immiscibility between silicate and carbonatite melts. Silicate melts and hydrous-silicate supercritical fluids, which underwent phase separation during fluxing throughout the semi-brittle lithospheric mantle, may account for such metasomatizing processes. The nature and abundance of some fluid-mobile elements in glasses and hydrous minerals (especially the Ca-poor glass, with B = 59 ppm, Li = 27 ppm, Ba = 700 ppm and phlogopite, with Ba = 8,465 ppm, Sr = 260 ppm, F = 5,700 ppm) suggest that some hydrous fluids may derive from hydrothermally altered oceanic crust. Conversely, metasomatizing silicate melts probably have a deep-seated origin. These results confirm previous suggestions on the key role of mantle metasomatism in the origin of some alkaline Hyblean magmas.
URL: http://https://link.springer.com/journal/710
Subject southwest indian ridge
mid-atlantic ridge
lithospheric mantle
trace element
pyroxenite xenoliths
peridotite xenoliths
abyssal peridotites
isotopic evidence
fluid inclusions
ocean crust

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