Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse     
Conticelli S., Guarnieri L., Farinelli A., Mattei M., Avanzinelli R., Bianchini G., Boari E., Tommasini S., Tiepolo M., Prelevic D., Venturelli G. Trace elements and Sr-Nd-Pb isotopes of K-rich, shoshonitic, and calc-alkaline magmatism of the Western Mediterranean Region: genesis of ultrapotassic to calc-alkaline magmatic associations in a post-collisional geodynamic setting. In: Lithos, vol. 107 (1-2) pp. 68 - 92. Elsevier, 2009.
High-MgO ultrapotassic rocks are found in four different areas of the Western Mediterranean basin associated in space and time with shoshonitic and calc-alkaline rocks. They represent different magmatic events at the active continental plate margin from Oligocene to Pleistocene. These rocks are found within the Western Alps (Northern Italy), in Corsica (France), in Murcia-Almeria (South-Eastern Spain), and in Southern Tuscany (Central Italy). Ultrapotassic terms are mostly lamprophyres, but olivine latitic lavas with a clear lamproitic affinity are also found. Lamproite-like rocks range from slightly silica under-saturated to silica over-saturated, and they are characterised by low Al2O3, CaO, and Na2O contents. They are plagioclase-free rocks, but K-feldspar is abundant beside other K-bearing phases. Shoshonitic and calc-alkaline rocks are invariably space associated to lamproites, and they either precede or follow them. High-Mg ultrapotassic rocks are characterised by strong enrichment of incompatible elements, which prevent further enrichment due to shallow level crustal contamination. K2O and incompatible element contents decrease passing from high-Mg ultrapotassic to high-Mg shoshonitic and calc-alkaline rocks suggesting that K and incompatible trace elements enrichments are a primary characteristic. Ultrapotassic to calc-alkaline rocks from Western Mediterranean regions, in spite of their different age of emplacement, are characterised by similar incompatible trace elements distribution. Depletion of High Field Strength elements with respect to Large Ion Lithophile elements is observed. Positive spikes at Th, U, and Pb, with negative spikes at Ba, Nb, Ta, Sr, P, and Ti, are common characteristics of ultrapotassic (lamproitic) to high-K calc-alkaline rocks. Ultrapotassic rocks are extremely enriched in radiogenic Sr and unradiogenic Nd with respect to the associated shoshonitic and calc-alkaline rocks. Different isotopic values are distinctive of the different magmatic provinces irrespective of magmatic affinities. 87Sr/86Sri ranges between 0.71645 and 0.71759 for Western Alps lamproites, between 0.71226 and 0.71230 for Corsica lamproite, between 0.71642 and 0.72259 for Murcia-Almeria lamproites, and between 0.71578 and 0.71672 for Tuscany lamproites. Radiogenic Sr decreases along with K2O through shoshonitic to calc-alkaline rocks. Conversely 143Nd/144Ndi values increase with decreasing K2O, with the highest value of 0.51243 found for the one samples from Murcia-Almeria. Contrasting trends are observed among initial values of lead isotopes, but all falling well within the field of upper crustal rocks. Different trends of 207Pb/204Pbi and 208Pb/204Pbi vs. 206Pb/204Pbi for samples from the different provinces are observed. Several evidences indicate that most of the magmas of the different provinces have been generated in a depleted upper mantle (i.e., lithospheric) modified by metasomatism, but an asthenospheric component is also recognised in Corsica. At least two different subduction-related metasomatic agents re-fertilised the depleted original upper mantle source. Carbonate-free siliciclastic sediments and carbonate-rich sediments have been recycled within the upper mantle through subduction and partial melting. Assuming that metasomatic component is concentrated in a vein network, in Tuscany and Corsica, time relationships indicate that low degree of partial melting of the pure vein produced lamproitic-like magmas, whereas an increase in the partial melting involve the surrounding upper mantle, then diluting the alkaline component and produced the entire spectra of magma observed. In South-Eastern Spain calc-alkaline magmatism preceded lamproitic ones, and might be generated by partial melting of mantle wedge metasomatised by fluids from oceanic slab prior to collision. Lamproitic magmas followed after melt-dominated metasomatic agents invaded the lithospheric upper mantle domain. Migration of the magmatism with time is the result of eastward migration of subduction with subsequent opening of Balearic, Ligure-Provenšal, and Tyrrhenian basins.
URL: http://https://www.journals.elsevier.com/lithos
Subject Sr-Nd-Pb isotopes
trace elements
Calc-alkaline rocks
western Alps
western Mediterranean basin

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