Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse     
Bonini M. Mud volcano eruptions and earthquakes in the Northern Apennines and Sicily, Italy. In: Tectonophysics, vol. 474 (3-4) pp. 723 - 735. Elsevier, 2009.
The relations between earthquakes and the eruption of mud volcanoes have been investigated at the Pede-Apennine margin of the Northern Apennines and in Sicily. Some of these volcanoes experienced eruptions or increased activity in connection with historical seismic events, showing a good correlation with established thresholds of hydrological response (liquefaction) to earthquakes. However, the majority of eruptions have been documented to be independent of seismic activity, being mud volcanoes often not activated even when the earthquakes were of suitable magnitude and the epicentre at the proper distance for the triggering. This behaviour suggests that paroxysmal activity of mud volcanoes depends upon the reaching of a specific critical state dictated by internal fluid pressure, and implies that the strain caused by the passage of seismic waves can activate only mud volcanoes in near-critical conditions (i.e., close to the eruption). Seismogenic faults, such as the Pede-Apennine thrust, often structurally control the fluid reservoirs of mud volcanoes, which are frequently located at the core of thrust-related folds. Such an intimate link enables mud volcanoes to represent features potentially suitable for recording perturbations associated with the past and ongoing tectonic activity of the controlling fault system.
URL: http://https://www.journals.elsevier.com/tectonophysics/
Subject mud volcanoes
northern Apennines

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